The year 2020 marks the 600th anniversary of the Forbidden City and the 95th anniversary of the establishment of the Palace Museum. On the occasion of \"Daqing \", Palace Museum President Wang Xudong gave an interview with reporters.
Wang Xudong: The Palace Museum will launch six series of activities, including holding a series of academic seminars, publishing a series of research results, launching a series of fine exhibitions, organizing a series of public welfare activities, producing a series of film and television works to promote the Palace Museum culture, commending a group of \"Palace Museum people\" with outstanding contributions, etc.
Wang Xudong: this year's exhibition, the theme covers ancient architecture, special calligraphy and painting, ancient objects, Chinese and foreign civilization and other themes, strive to bring a new experience for the audience to view the exhibition.
The Forbidden City is the most complete ancient wooden structure complex in the world, its completion is the embodiment of the national will, but it is also the crystallization of the wisdom of the working people, the collection of ancient Chinese architectural ideas, and the result of the joint creation of craftsmen of different regions and different nationalities. The upcoming 600-year-old Forbidden City exhibition, based on more than 20 key years in the 600-year time axis, introduces the changes in the city in the past 600 years through the construction, renovation, renovation and protection of the Forbidden City, and explains the highest state of the Forbidden City as a perfect combination of architectural technology and art.
There is also an opening of the \"Xumifu Shoushou exhibition \", which is the first time that the relics of the Zashrub Temple in Tibet have come out of the temple and are on display to the public. The exhibition highlights the fact that the Chinese nation has been a large family since ancient times, and that Tibet is an inseparable part of the motherland, and that culture has closely linked us together. Culture has come from history, and any attempt to divide it is impossible to realize, because the power of culture is enormous.
Calligraphy and painting is a very important collection of us, so we will also launch \"the past-the palace museum tibetan ancient figures painting exhibition \", select the palace museum collection, showing the development of figure painting from the eastern and southern dynasties to the ming and qing dynasties.
Reporter: It is said that \"Han Xi Zai night banquet map\" will be presented in this exhibition. Will it be a popular style exhibit? As when the \"Qingming on the river map \",\" Qianli Jiangshan map\" exhibition?
Wang Xudong: Yes. Although we don't reject \"popular style \", we don't deliberately detonate it. Viewers queued too long because of the \"popular style \", and the results are not ideal, more than just\" punch \". Like calligraphy and painting works, in the scene because of the number of people can only rush to see, no time and opportunity to savor the beauty of it.
Culture is like water, tolerant and nourishing the human heart. We hope that the audience in the Palace Museum such a cultural palace, quietly absorb the nutrition of culture, to achieve a moisturizing effect of silence.
Wang Xudong: To hold an exhibition, not only let the audience see it, but also let the audience watch it. Nowadays, the exhibition launched by the Imperial Palace must be based on academic research, the bright treasure style, no theme exhibition, in the Palace Museum will no longer have. We will carefully comb the art, history, scientific value of cultural relics, and then use the way suitable for the ordinary audience to tell the story behind the cultural relics.
There is a \"famous painting hall\" channel on our official website, the ancient famous paintings are all high-definition pictures, viewers can enlarge, carefully look at, slowly products. For example, the original version of \"qingming river map\" is still not on display during the rest of the year, but its digital work \"qingming river map version\" is on tour throughout the country.
I hope that the audience before visiting the Forbidden City, first do a little homework, so that in the visit, there will be more harvest. In fact, all cultural tourism should be so, in the past that kind of \"visit to this\" era, it is over.
At the same time, I would like to appeal to the tour guide: explain less wild history, more excellent traditional culture. The Palace Museum is the living room of Chinese culture, if the guests come in to hear all the vulgar, vulgar and even vulgar content, such a cultural spread is a failure.
Reporter: The Forbidden City has passed 600 years, and the Palace Museum has been established for 95 years. In the next 600 years, will the Palace Museum's development concept and planning change anything?
This \"four Forbidden City \", Ping an The Imperial Palace is the foundation, academic The Imperial Palace is the core, digital The Imperial Palace is the support, vitality The Imperial Palace is the fundamental. They are not only four separate projects to carry out their work separately, but also a work system that is interlinked and mutually supportive.
Reporter: I got a set of data, since the founding of New China in 1949, the Palace Museum has received a total of 100 million spectators; since 1979, it has received a total of 100 million spectators, accounting for% of the total audience in 70 years; since 2012, it has received 100 million spectators, accounting for% of the total audience in 70 years; and since 2019 alone, it has exceeded 19 million. Visiting the Forbidden City has almost become a \"rigid demand \". How does the Forbidden City balance the huge audience needs with the protection of cultural relics?
Wang Xudong: Cultural relics work, safety is the first. The Palace Museum guards the 600-year-old palace complex and 1.86 million artifacts. It is necessary to be \"foolproof\" because \"foolproof \". So \"Ping an Palace Museum\" is the basis of our work.
With the deepening of the work, the concept and methods of protection are also changing and perfecting. From the traditional restoration of cultural relics, storehouse shock prevention, fire safety and so on, to the World Heritage Monitoring, the protection of cultural relics in the Forbidden City has entered the stage of rescue protection to preventive protection.
On the basis of ensuring peace, we expand the open area, do virtual display online, continuously launch creative products, increase the number of public events, and strive to meet the needs of the public.
Wang Xudong:\" Academic Palace Museum \"is the core of our work. Since the Palace Museum was founded, the position is academic institutions, to this day, we still regard academic as one of the core tasks. We take \"Palace Museum Science\" as our grasp, not only rely on the Palace Museum's own researchers, but also cooperate with more universities, scientific research institutes, as well as international famous academic institutions such as the International Society for the Conservation and Restoration of Cultural relics to carry out academic research together.
In 2019, we signed a strategic cooperation agreement with universities such as Peking University and Tsinghua University, as well as academic institutions such as the Chinese Academy of Sciences, in order to bring in their academic research resources.
Reporter: The Palace Museum established the Palace Museum Information Center in 1998, and began the work of digitizing cultural relics in 1999. I remember clearly that \"digitization\" was a new thing in the literary industry. Twenty years later, digitization has clearly become an important way for cultural relics to connect history with modern times and even the future.
Wang Xudong: Since 1999, the Palace Museum has always attached importance to the construction of \"digital Palace Museum \", and has gained fruitful results and become the support of our work. In the future, we should focus on the collection of basic data on cultural relics, and speed up the digitization of all ancient buildings and cultural relics. We have already completed the basic collection of hundreds of thousands of cultural relics, and will complete at least 60,000 by 2020. After the gradual formation of technical standards and norms, next year will speed up the digital work, and finally establish a \"digital Forbidden City\" resource bank to support academic research, to provide resources for protection, scientific research, literary creation, social education and so on. Based on this database, a digital network security platform is built to provide preventive protection information for security and fire protection.
Wang xudong: the fragility of cultural relics, non-renewable determines that it cannot roam around, its \"life \", to a large extent, is the use of digital technology. The resources provided by the digital Forbidden City can make cultural relics become literary creation and go out.
The Palace Museum's Weibo, WeChat has a strong transmission power. At present, Weibo has more than 8 million fans, and WeChat has more than 2 million fans. This is considerable not only domestically but also internationally. But we are not satisfied with this, we also worked with other organizations this year to shoot film and television works, for example, from New Year's Day, the \"Palace Festival\" video program officially launched, so that the public have a deeper understanding of the Forbidden City culture and New Year culture. Then there will be the TV series \"The Forbidden City \", the TV documentary\" Forbidden City \", the third season of the cultural season program \"The Palace Museum \", and the big epic drama\" The Forbidden City \". In short, we hope to use more ways to let more people understand the Forbidden City culture, let the Forbidden City culture into life, benefit the public. (Reporter)